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THE POMEGRANATE THROUGH THE CENTURIES

A symbol of life and fertility, the pomegranate is a source of valuable nutrients that contribute to health and well-being, provided one knows the best way to harness its benefits.

Pomegranate in the Stream of Knowledge

Pomegranates are rich in vitamins (A, C, E, folic acid), iron, potassium and fibre and are low in calories. In fact, a single pomegranate provides 40% of the daily required vitamin C and 25% of folic acid for an adult.

Pomegranates are rich in three different forms of antioxidants: tannins, anthocyanins, and ellagic acid. Their total antioxidant capacity has been estimated to be 2-3 times that of red wine or green tea. In a recent study, pomegranates, along with various berry varieties, were shown to exhibit the strongest antioxidant activity at the cellular level, outperforming 25 other fruits tested. 
Scientists at the University of California School of Medicine in America found that pomegranate juice boasts higher nutritional value than red wine, green tea, grape juice, orange juice, and blackberry juice.

Pomegranate juice is highly absorbable by the body. It stimulates appetite, regulates digestive activity, increases hemoglobin, and possesses diuretic, anti-inflammatory, and antiseptic effects.

Pomegranate in the Stream of Time

In Greek mythology, the pomegranate is the fruit that god Pluto (personifying wealth and abundance) gives to Persephone to 'bind' her to Hades, and it serves as the emblem of the Eleusinian Mysteries.

The ancient Egyptians buried it with their dead, and it is considered one of the three 'blessed fruits' of Buddhism.

The pomegranate was used as a decorative element in Solomon's Temple, the center of worship in ancient Judaism. It adorned priestly robes and is mentioned in the Song of Songs in the Old Testament.

In Greek tradition, the pomegranate symbolizes fertility and eternity, despite its association with death. This is why pomegranates are split open at weddings and on New Year's Day.

In Spain, the city of Granada is named after the pomegranate.

Discover the secrets of the pomegranate and explore why numerous cultures and religions consider it a symbol of fertility and good luck!

The pomegranate tree is native to our country since ancient times. Its fruit held an important place in our diet, and there are numerous reports of its medicinal uses in traditional medicine, as well as many associated beliefs. It is included among the seven species of trees mentioned in the Bible and is considered a sacred fruit in all major religions.

In Greek mythology, the pomegranate is associated with the goddesses Demeter, Aphrodite, and Hera. According to the myth of Persephone, one day while Persephone and the Daughters of Ocean were gathering flowers, she was abducted from the underworld and taken by Hades to his kingdom. Thus, Persephone was separated violently from her mother Demeter, the Goddess of Harvest, who mourned her loss, leaving the earth barren and fruitless. Hades, under the mediation of Zeus, was compelled to return Persephone, but not before tricking her by giving her a taste of four pomegranate seeds to bind her to the underworld. As a result, Persephone spends four months on the throne of the underworld and the rest on the fruitful land. From the bowels of the earth comes rebirth; from the earth comes all wealth. A wonderful symbolism.

According to Pausanias, the pomegranate tree is associated with the goddess Hera, the patroness of marriage and fertility. In Argos, a gold and ivory statue of Hera held a scepter in one hand and a pomegranate in the other.

Another mythological version suggests that the pomegranate tree is the one planted by Aphrodite in her sacred garden in Cyprus, symbolizing happy marriage, abundance due to its numerous red seeds, and passion as the sacred fruit of Aphrodite.

Regarding the origin of the pomegranate tree, known botanically as Punica Granatum or the 'Apple of Carthage' by the Romans, it likely originated in fertile Mesopotamia. Cultivation began at least as early as 4,000 BC, and from there, it spread to the West. It is one of the first fruits systematically cultivated worldwide. Arab traders introduced it to Spain, with some accounts suggesting that the city of Granada was named in honor of the pomegranate. From Spain, the fruit was further spread to the Americas.

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